Nutritional comparison between breast milk and formula

Nutritional comparison between breast milk and formula
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Between breast milk and formula, the nutritional content of breast milk is the richest, most balanced, and the most reasonable proportion that the formula can’t be compared.

The overall advantage of breast milk

For babies, the nutritional content of breast milk is the richest, most balanced, and the most reasonable proportion. Meanwhile, the most basic raw material for general formula milk is milk, and the main ingredients and ratio of milk determine that it is not possible to be superior to breast milk. But some people think that formula milk is more nutritious, so let’s take a comparison between breast milk and formula to see which is better and more suitable for the baby?

The overall advantage of breast milk

Breast milk is healthier and more economical

For the baby, breastfeeding is convenient and hygienic; for the family, breast milk is more economical. At the same time, the composition of breast milk is more balanced and reasonable, and the baby is easier to absorb.

The nutrients that are tailored to the needs of the mother’s milk can change with the baby’s growth and better adapt to the child’s needs.
The milk of two mothers is exactly the same, and each mother’s milk is tailor-made for her baby.

For example, the milk secreted by mothers of premature infants contains more immunoglobulins than the milk of full-term mothers. The mother’s colostrum contains high levels of protein and immune factors within 5 days of birth, which can help neonates prevent infectious diseases.

Breast milk also contains ingredients that are not currently detected but are good for the health of the baby.

Breast Milk contains more than 400 nutrients – most of which are good for the development of the baby’s brain – that no milk powder manufacturer can imitate.

Very little anemia or allergies

Because active iron contained in breast milk is easily absorbed, and breast milk contains more lactose and vitamin C, which helps iron absorption. In milk powder, it is fortified iron, and the absorption rate is less than 10%.

The protein in breast milk is completely suitable for babies, but the protein in formula often causes symptoms such as diarrhea, vomiting and skin allergies. Breastfeeding can prevent eczema, food allergies and respiratory allergies for a long time

Reduce the incidence of juvenile and adulthood

Children who grow up with breast milk are relatively less likely to develop obesity, hypertension, diabetes, and allergic diseases in adulthood. About children with milk powder, the development of the nervous system will be affected. The risk of ADHD is high, and breast-feeding babies generally do not have this problem.

The best absorption

What are the nutrients in the mother’s milk? Baby’s best source of nutrition – breast milk is better for digestion than formula milk. Despite no additional nutrients, but for the baby, iron, calcium and other nutrients in breast milk are the best absorption.

Nutritional comparison between breast milk and formula

Nutritional comparison between breast milk and formula

Formula is high in nutrients. And from the point of view of individual nutrient content, milk powder is more nutritious than breast milk. This is mainly because the absorption and utilization rate of milk powder is far worse than that of breast milk, so if the feeding is excessive, it will directly increase the baby’s kidney burden.

The protein content of formula is higher but more difficult to absorb than that of breast milk

According to national standards, the protein content of infant formula in 0 – 6 months must reach 12-18g/100ml. Because the milk powder is milk protein, not human milk protein, it is not easy to be absorbed by the baby. Therefore, in order to ensure the perfect nutrition, the protein content in the infant formula is slightly higher than that in the breast milk.

While the protein content of the mother’s milk is 1.2 g/100 ml, about 60% is whey protein, and 40% is casein. The casein content in the formula is high, and breast milk is more easily digested by the baby. Whey protein provides great immunity and resistance to your baby. The immune protein in colostrum can cover the surface of the baby’s intestines to prevent food allergies in infants. The following points out the special benefits of protein in breast milk:

(1) Lactoferrin

Lactoferrin has a protective effect against enterovirus and inhibits the growth of E. coli. The most important function is to help the absorption of iron, transport iron to various parts of the body, and the intestinal cells in particular need iron nutrition. It also protects the mucosa of the digestive tract and reduces infection of the gastrointestinal tract.
Although lactoferrin is added to the formula, lactoferrin is afraid of high temperatures and may be destroyed beyond 65 degrees Celsius.

(2) Immunoglobulin-secreting IgA

Helps protect against viruses and bacteria (eg E. coli). Other immunoglobulins in breast milk, including IgG and IgM, also help prevent bacterial and viral infections.

(3) Lysozyme

Protect your baby against E. coli and Salmonella, promote intestinal flora growth, and have anti-inflammatory properties.

(4) Bifidus factor

The bifidus factor can support the growth of probiotic-lactobacillus, creating an acidic environment and avoiding the growth of bad bacteria.

The content of calcium in formula milk is higher but more difficult to absorb and utilize than that of breast milk

According to the standard, the calcium content is 40-60 mg per 100 ml of infant formula for 0-6 months.
The amount of calcium in every 100 ml of breast milk is only 34 mg. It can be seen that the formula has a much higher calcium content than the breast milk. This is mainly due to the fact that the absorption and utilization of formula is lower than that of breast milk.

The fat in formula is more difficult to absorb than it in breast milk

The fat content of breast milk is unsaturated fatty acid, the content is 3.7g/100ml. The brain is the organ with the highest proportion of fat in the human body. The baby needs enough fat before the age of 2 to help the brain develop. The fat in the formula is a saturated fatty acid that is less easily absorbed. When the ratio of linoleic acid to α-linolenic acid in breast milk is 10:1, it can be converted into AA and DHA in the body, which can promote the development of brain, vision and central nervous system in infants. According to the study, children who grow up with breast milk are smarter than those who drink baby milk because the proportion of fatty acids in infant formula has not met the ideal ratio of 10:1.

The processing of the milk powder requires multiple processes

The main component of the milk powder is milk, but the processing of the milk requires multiple processes.
You must add water to dilute milk, add sugar to make up for the loss of heat, add preservatives, add a variety of nutrients, and adjust the proportion of calcium, strontium, magnesium, iron, zinc, etc. in the milk.

The processing of the milk powder requires multiple processes

In brief, although between breast milk and formula there are the same calories and many nutrients, why is breast milk better than formula milk? Mainly because human breast milk is the most natural and safest food for babies to grow. It contains all the nutrients and antibodies needed for the baby to grow, provides the baby with all the nutrients necessary for the first few months of life. And the nutritional value is high and good absorption. The below explains where the nutrients of the mother’s milk and the formula are different.

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